Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Tim Lincecum Pitching - Slow Motion

Notice the high glove position and how Tim Lincecum hides the ball.

Check out the long stride of Tim Lincecum and how he finishes the pitching motion.


Tim Lincecum Pitching Mechanics
- pitching for the SF Giants and pitching in college at the University of Washington

Tim Lincecum pitching mechanics: wind-up


Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Tim Lincecum - Pitching Videos

The Art of Pitching - Tim Lincecum Duel

Tim Lincecum pitching in slow motion

Tim Lincecum pitching vs a fan who pitches like him

The Physics of The Freak
How San Francisco's Tiny Tim Lincecum confounds the critics—and baseball's best hitters.

Read more: Tim Lincecum Pitching Style - Physics of a Pitch - Popular Mechanics 

Tim Lincecum tosses no-hitter as Giants beat Padres

Monday, May 27, 2013

Ambidextrous Switch Pitcher Videos

Little League Ambidextrous Pitcher Video

Joe - Rolling Hills Little League ambidextrous pitcher
9-year-old ambidextrous switch pitcher strikes out batters throwing righty and lefty. (2013)

High School Ambidextrous Pitcher Video

Marcus Garcia - Senior ambidextrous pitcher - Roseville HS
The senior pitcher for the Roseville High School baseball team is ambidextrous. He can pitch well with both arms and uses a special ambidextrous baseball glove to allow him to switch from hand-to-hand if needed during an inning.

Garcia, a natural righty, primarily pitched left-handed in his senior year.


Switch Pitching Videos on YouTube >>

Ryan Perez Pitching Videos >>


Joe Santoro, Switch Pitcher - Carmel Catholic High School, Illinois

Joseph Santoro
Switch pitcher Joe Santoro 
 photo: Steve Lundy

Carmel Catholic HS, Class of 2016
Mundelein, Illinois

College: committed to Army

Primary Position: LHP/RHP 
Secondary Position: OF (left-handed)
Height/Weight: 5-11, 175 lbs
Bats: Left
Throws: Both

Pitches: Fastball, Changeup, Curveball
Velocity: 86-88 mph (2015); 83-84 mph (2014)

Glove: ambidextrous glove that can be used with either hand

Joe Santoro is a rare talent, as he is a smooth pitcher who can pitch with either arm, similar to Ryan Perez, who pitched at Westminster Christian HS. Santoro bats left-handed, pitches and plays outfield. (source: Prep Baseball Report

Select Team
Joe Santoro was listed on the Top Tier 15U Americans roster as playing OF/SHP (switch-handed pitcher).

Prospect Reports:

Prep Baseball Report - Joe Santoro

Dual approach suits Carmel's Santoro
Daily Herald, April 9, 2015
by Patricia Babcock McGraw

You've heard of switch hitters. Santoro is, for lack of a better term, a "switch pitcher." He is ambidextrous and can pitch from both the left and right sides with similar accuracy and velocity.
Hovering between 86 and 88 mph on both sides, the 17-year-old Santoro, a native of Mundelein who recently committed to Army, has been known to switch sides even within the same inning, from one batter to the next.
Read more

Here's a switch: Carmel's Santoro delivers from both sides
Daily Herald, April 10, 2014
by Patricia Babcock McGraw

Most pitching staffs have some right-handers, and some left-handers.

At Carmel, one pitcher fits both descriptions.

Sophomore Joe Santoro is a righty and a lefty, and can switch back-and-forth between the two effortlessly. He is completely ambidextrous, and it's almost uncanny how he is able to replicate his form right down to the smallest detail from one side of the mound to the other.

"I've never seen anyone like Joe," Carmel coach Dann Giesey said. "He's always thrown from both sides. He grew up that way. And what's amazing is that his arm slot is identical on both sides."

Read more

On the mound, Santoro has been noted for his unique ability to throw with both hands. He sat 86-87 mph from both sides, touching 88 from the right side. His breaking ball, which he had struggled with in the past, looked crisper, showing more of a slider look, in the 72-74 mph range right-handed, and 69-71 mph left-handed. His changeup is in the 74-76 mph range from both sides. Mechanically, Santoro looks pretty identical from both sides, though may drop-and-drive a little more from the left-side. As fun as it is to watch him throw with both hands, his ability as an outfielder should not be discounted, as he’d be a Division-I prospect regardless of whether or not he pitched.

IL: LHH OF/switch-pitcher '16 Joe Santoro (Carmel HS) 94 exit velo, 87 from OF; 84 from left side, 83 from right side at Underclass Invite

PBR Future Prospect Showcase Results
March 19, 2012
By Matt Yarber and Sean Duncan

3. Joe Santoro, OF/Pitcher, Sandburg Middle School, Class of 2016
Santoro is a 5-foot-8, 140-pound two-way player who impressed in all facets of the game.  The switch-throwing pitcher has a high ¾ arm slot from both sides, left and right.  He features a 70-74 mph fastball with run, a 62-64 mph curveball, and a 60-67 mph changeup all from both sides.  Defensively, Santoro is a smooth fielding outfielder with excellent footwork and a strong, accurate arm (75 mph).  At the plate, Santoro has an easy left-handed swing with a balanced setup.  Read more


Sunday, May 26, 2013

High School Ambidextrous Pitchers 2014

Read some interesting stories about ambidextrous high school baseball players from the Class of 2014.

Zack Santora (2014) - St. Johns High School, MA

Zack Santora taught himself to throw left-handed, in 2013, after he broke his pitching hand. He uses a custom Mizuno ambidextrous glove for switch pitching.

Read more about Zack Santora

Gage Shell (2014) - Eastern Greene Thunderbirds, Bloomfield, Indiana

Sophomore Gage Shell spelled T-Bird starter Zak Eckerle with six-plus innings of relief work. What makes the sophomore hurler so unique is his ability to throw with either hand -- likely making him the first ambidextrous pitcher in Eastern Greene baseball or at least in McConnell's tenure as head coach.
"Gage did a great job tonight," McConnell said. "He pitched with both hands at times tonight. He gave us innings and helped save our bullpen. He really did a great job for us tonight." (source:

College Commitment: Olney Central College


Alexander Trautner (2014) - San Ramon Valley High School, Danville, CA

A 6'3" switch pitcher from Northern California, Alexander Trautner throws a fastball, curveball and change-up from either side. Right-handed he reaches 87 mph and left-handed he throws 83 mph. Trautner pitches for the Danville Hoots Baseball Club.  Trautner fields firstbase left-handed, and behind the plate he is a right-handed catcher.


Alex Urbanek (2014) - Roland-Story High School, Story City, Iowa

Roland-Story sophomore Alex Urbanek can throw the baseball for strikes with either arm. Urbanek has a fastball-curveball-changeup repertoire with both hands. A natural righty, he gets more movement throwing left-handed, but has more velocity right-handed. He uses a tan Easton glove when pitching righty and switches to a black Mizuno glove when throwing lefty. At the plate, he only hits right-handed, since he gave up switch hitting before high school. (source: Ames Tribune)


High School Switch Pitchers >>


High School Ambidextrous Pitchers 2015 >>


Saturday, May 25, 2013

College Baseball Stats - ERA, BA, OBP

Find statistics of college baseball teams

Q & A - Division 1 in 2013   June, 2013

Q: What is the lowest ERA for a Division 1 team in 2013?

A. 1.89 ERA - Arkansas  view more

Q: What is the best Strikeout-to-Walk Ratio for a team?

A. 4.94 - Cal St. Fullerton  view more

Q: What is the highest team batting average for Division 1?

A. .334 BA - New Mexico  view more

Q: What is the highest On Base Percentage for a Division 1 team?

A. .422 OBP - New Mexico  view more

Pac-12 Conference Baseball Statistics

2013 Pac-12 Conference Baseball
Conference Leaders Summary as of May 26, 2013 

TEAM PITCHING          G   ERA   W   L  
Oregon State........  55  2.15  45  10    
UCLA................  56  2.79  39  17    
Oregon..............  59  2.79  45  14     
Stanford............  54  3.38  32  22  
Washington..........  56  3.88  24  32    
Utah................  52  3.92  20  31     
Washington State....  55  4.14  23  32    
Arizona State.......  56  4.22  35  20     
Arizona.............  55  4.41  34  21    
California..........  54  4.61  23  31     
USC.................  56  4.81  20  36     
Totals.............. 304  3.72 340 266     

Oregon State had the second lowest ERA in D1, 
behind Arkansas with a 1.89 ERA

Baseball Division I Stats -

ERA = Earned Run Average


Thursday, May 23, 2013

Henry Knight BHP, Columbia City Reds, Seattle

BHP = Both-Handed Pitcher

Columbia City Reds 16U  (16-8)

The Columbia City Reds began their 4th season of baseball in 2014. 
The Reds 16U was a top-ranked team in the Mickey Mantle division of the Puget Sound Baseball League

The 16U Reds tied for 3rd place in the 2014 state tournament.

In the fall of 2013, the Reds team began training at The K Center in Columbia City under coaches Young Cho and Travis Gass. Ron Queen, who has 30+ years of coaching experience, works with the pitchers and hitters in the off-season. All the pitchers learn how to locate the fastball, change-up, curveball and splitter – for strikes.

The inner city team includes scholar-athletes from north, central and south Seattle. The roster has some of the best high school players from Ballard, Bush, Franklin, Garfield, O'Dea, Roosevelt, Seattle Academy and University Prep. The core group of players were on the Senators All-stars team of the Seattle Pony League.


Columbia City Reds Baseball >>

Henry Knight throwing a bullpen with the Columbia City Reds

Switch pitching: 

0.875 ERA as a switch pitcher. 

Switch hitting: 

Posted a .500 BA and .650 OBP during the regular season.


Columbia City Reds 15U (14-15)

The Columbia City Reds team completed their second full season of baseball in 2013. The 15U team competed in the Ken Griffey division of the Puget Sound Baseball League. 

In the off-season, the Reds trained twice-a-week at The K Center in Columbia City under coach Ron Queen. Several of the high school players also took hitting, fielding and pitching classes at the Washington Baseball School.

The Reds took second place in the CABA 15U Tournament hosted by the Dow Baseball Club at Hartman Park in Redmond. The pitching was dialed-in, as the Reds only allowed 7 earned runs in four games, with a 1.75 ERA as a team. The roster included the only switch pitcher in the northwest.

The Switch Pitcher

The Reds team features switch pitcher Henry Knight who is the only ambidextrous high school pitcher in the Pacific Northwest. Knight is a starting shortstop and closer for his high school team. To hone his pitching skills, he trained with Pete Wilkinson and Justin Gabriel (UW).

Switch pitcher Henry Knight - Columbia City Reds, Seattle
Henry Knight participated in a six-week pitching class at the University of Washington, where he developed arm strength and conditioning routines. College coaches and pitchers worked with him on grips, pitching mechanics, pickoff moves and fielding. During the pitching class, Knight worked on throwing a circle changeup and learned how to throw the cutter for strikes. 

Switch pitcher Henry Knight throwing a double bullpen at the K Center in Columbia City.

Quick Stats

Switch pitching: 

1.26 ERA over 39 innings as a switch pitcher. 
2-1 record, with 21 K / 5 BB. 

Pitched 9 scoreless innings while throwing left- and right-handed in a tied game.

Switch hitting: 

Chalked up a six-game hitting streak with a .632 BA and .767 OBP. 

Knight finished the regular season with a .500 BA and .677 OBP
while tallying 20 walks and 9 sac bunts over 27 games.

Season Highlight

In a 12 inning game, Henry Knight pitched 11 full innings as a switch pitcher, while averaging 11 pitches per inning. 

Knight threw 87% first pitch strikes, while using the strategy of pitching to contact, in order to induce 9 ground outs and 20 fly outs. He chalked up 94 strikes in the game.

Max Malkin caught the entire 12-inning game – calling the pitches. Patrick Lin was solid in center field – running down a dozen fly balls.

Read more about the game

(Note: A regular high school game is only 7 innings and most pitchers in the league average 15 pitches per inning. In Washington, a high school age player is allowed to throw more than 10 innings in a day.)



Columbia City Reds 14U (22-9)

Henry Knight's summer team, the Columbia City Reds, competed in the Koufax State Tournament in July 2012, then advanced to play in the Regional Tournament. Knight was the starting shortstop and closer for the Reds, coached by Julian Almaraz and Ron Queen. He trains twice a week, with coach Ron Queen, to work on ambidextrous pitching and switch hitting.

All of the players learn how to safely throw a fastball, changeup, splitter and curve ball. A group of players also learns the art of catching – receiving, blocking, throwing to bases and calling pitches. 

The Columbia City Reds 14U team had a solid first year -- tying for 1st place in the Sandy Koufax League, tallying a 17-5 season record. The Reds train at The K Center in south Seattle and play their home games at the nearby Rainier Playfield. The open ballpark is one of the remaining natural grass fields in the area with a dirt infield - giving them a natural home field advantage.

In 2012, the Reds swept the 
Dow Memorial Day Tournament, in Redmond (home of Microsoft), where Knight pitched five innings to close out the championship game - winning 3-2 in ten innings. He averaged nine pitches per inning, due to very solid defense by the Reds.

As a switch hitter, Henry Knight batted .500 with a .622 OBP, to lead the Columbia City Reds.

Fall Ball
In the fall, Henry Knight focused on throwing left-handed during the instructional baseball season. In order to work on fielding, he played OF and 1B left-handed; plus catcher, 2B, 3B and SS right-handed. Over the season, he played all nine positions without making an error. 

During the season, Knight normally swings left-handed facing right-handed pitchers -- about 90% of the time. He usually faces lefty pitchers as a right-handed batter, but doesn't get many at bats with this strategy. To maintain balance as a switch hitter, he spent more time batting right-handed, in the fall and regular season, to improve his swing. This approach came in handy during his sophomore year when he hit .448 right-handed, with a .525 OBP.

Knight also worked on laying down the sac bunt, left- and right-handed, to advance the runner. In high school he chalked up 6 sac bunts, plus he bunted for hits twice to leadoff the inning and spark a scoring rally for the team.


BHP = Both-Handed Pitcher (ambidextrous pitcher)

Columbia City, is a neighborhood in southeast Seattle

The K Center is an indoor baseball & softball training facility located in Columbia City – staffed by college coaches and former pro players

How to Warm up Pitching between Innings

In many baseball leagues, a pitcher is allowed to throw up to five warm-up pitches between innings. Learn how to use them wisely. This article includes "Glove Signals for Warm-Up Pitches"

Henry Knight warming up left-handed
Most levels of baseball allot a two-minute break between the end of one half-inning and the beginning of the next. This pause in the action exists so that the batters can retrieve their bats and helmets and prepare to hit, and so fielders can get to their positions and briefly loosen their arms. But most importantly, this time allows the pitcher to warm up. (source: 
Read more

When you step on the mound, take a deep breath and relax, 
then focus on throwing a First Pitch Strike. 


Baseball Pitchers Warmups - The Complete Pitcher

A warm up routine for starting pitchers.


Wednesday, May 22, 2013

How many pitches does it take to throw a perfect game?

Answer: 66, throwing 73% strikes

High school pitcher throws 66-pitch, 48-strike perfect game
Doing anything well in high school is hard, because your hormones and peers are generally conspiring to make you as conflicted and inept as possible. But California senior Michael Strem has no time for indecision (or a Goth phase), because he's busy throwing a perfect games. His recent 66-pitch game featured an astonishing 48 strikes, which means he averaged just over three pitches per batter. Comparatively, the record for fewest pitches in a Major League Baseball game was set in 1944 by Braves pitcher Charley "Red" Barrett, who tossed just 58 pitches. Strem goes to St. Francis High School and is rumored to be attending Boston College in the fall.
Read more

California pitcher tosses 66-pitch perfect game in state playoff win

By  | Prep Rally – Mon, May 20, 2013 
Incredibly, Strem retired the 21 batters he faced on just 66 pitches, an average of just more than 3 pitchers per batter. According to the Mercury News, 48 of Strem’s offerings were strikes, with the St. Francis ace finishing the game with a total of 8 strikeouts.
Read More

What is a perfect game in baseball?

perfect game is defined by Major League Baseball as a game in which a pitcher (or combination of pitchers) pitches a victory that lasts a minimum of nine innings and in which no opposing player reaches base. (Wikipedia)

In high school, a pitcher would need to retire 21 batters over a seven inning game, to throw a perfect game. 


Saturday, May 18, 2013

Total Pitch Count vs Pitches per Inning

Articles about Pitch Counts in Youth Baseball

The concept of limiting the total number of pitches thrown in a game is to reduce stress on the arm and shoulder in order to prevent injury among pitchers.

Pitcher to Catcher Strategy

Some coaches let a starting pitcher reach their pitch limit, then move them to catcher – putting additional stress on the arm. This strategy is no longer allowed in Little League.

Pitcher to catcher ban: any pitcher who delivers 41 or more pitches in a game may not go behind the plate to play catcher for the remainder of the day. 

2013 Little League Pitch Count Limits and Mandatory Rest Rules

By Lindsay Barton, MomsTeam

In an effort to stem the alarming increase in elbow and shoulder injuries among young baseball pitchers,  Little League Baseball adopted important new rules in 2007 to limit the number of  pitches a pitcher can throw in a game and how much rest he must take pitching appearances. 

In its continuing effort to protect the health and safety of youth pitchers, and to reflect the latest research on pitching injuries, Little League made additional changes in its rules which went into effect for the spring 2010 season and beyond.
Read more

Pitch Counts
by Jill E. Wolforth, Texas Baseball Ranch, March 7, 2013

Let me start by giving you two pitching scenarios:
Pitching Scenario #1 – Our young pitcher throws 60 pitches in two innings of work.
Pitching Scenario #2 – Our young pitcher throws 90 pitches in six innings of work.
All things being equal, which pitcher had the more strenuous work load this day?  If based on pure pitch counts, people would say Pitcher #2.  Yet, when looking at this deeper, it is actually Pitcher #1 that had the more strenuous outing because he threw more pitches per inning. Pitcher # 1 averaged 30 pitches per inning compared to 15 pitches per inning for Pitcher #2.
The key thing to remember, in our opinion, is that pitches per inning is more important than total pitches. We like to see pitchers average 15-18 pitches per inning.

Read more

Per Inning Pitch Count: More Important Than Total Pitch Count? 
High per inning pitch count puts more stress on arm

By Lindsay Barton, MomsTeam

Little League and USA Baseball have focused in recent years on total pitch count limits and rest periods between pitching outings as ways to reduce the number of pitching injuries.  Some baseball experts believe, however, that per inning pitch counts are more important than total pitch counts and that removing pitchers when they exceed per inning pitch count limits and show signs of fatigue will do more to protect the arms of young pitchers than focusing exclusively on total pitch count limits.
For example, MomsTeam's baseball expert, John Pinkman, recommends as follows:
  • Goal: 15 pitches per inning 
  • 1 inning at 25 to 30 pitches okay; 2 in a row done for the day
  • 1 inning at 35 pitches or more: done for the day
Another set of guidelines comes from pitching coach Ron Wolforth of Pitching Central and the Texas Baseball Ranch.

Read more

The Problem with Pitch Counts
by Ron Wolforth, Pitching Central & the Texas Baseball Ranch | WebBall

Ron Wolforth looks at why conventional pitch-count thinking is flawed.

The challenge with instituting any universal standard for everyone, like pitch count, is that almost no two people are identical in any substantive way. We all are like snowflakes…unique and individual. 

Pitch counts were not kept in MLB until 1971. So since 1971 what is the record for pitches in a single game?
Nolan Ryan in 1971 at 244 pitches in a 15 inning game. In that same game, Luis Tiant threw 189.

Pitch Count Per Inning vs. Pitch Count Per Outing

First, I am completely convinced pitch count per inning is vastly more important than total pitch count. Not even close.

Nolan Ryan’s 244 pitches occurred over a 15 inning game. That breaks down to 16.2 pitches per inning. Keep that number in mind as we go forward.

You tell me which pitcher had the harder night…104 pitches over 7 innings or 62 pitches over 2 innings?

The fact that I’ve framed this question like I have, few miss that the 62 pitch outing (31 per inning) was a much tougher workload than 104 outing (14.8 per inning).

Read more

Observational fatigue & new guidelines

by Ron Wolforth, Pitching Central & the Texas Baseball Ranch | WebBall

Ron Wolforth covers a new way to think about pitch limits.

3 Checks for Observational Fatigue

    1) A drop in average radar velocity of 3-5% 
    2) Consistently elevated fastball
    3) Missing locations high or low

Coach Wolforth’s Guidelines for pitches per inning

    12-15 pitches per inning- Green light (Ideal)

    18-22 pitches per inning - Yellow light

    23-30 pitches per inning - Orange light

    30+ pitches per inning - Red light

Read more

Pitch CountsTexas Baseball Ranch

The key thing to remember, in our opinion, is that pitches per inning is more important than total pitches. We like to see pitchers average 15-18 pitches per inning.

There are also some good guidelines on how long a pitcher should have off or, in other words, how many days rest before he takes the mound again.  Generally speaking, a pitcher should take off the number of hours equal to the number of pitches he threw.
For example, if a young man throws 50 pitches, he should rest 50 hours or 2 days.  So, if he pitches on Tuesday and finished at 7pm, the soonest he should pitch again is Thursday at 7pm.

How many pitches are too many in high school baseball?
By Bryce Miller, Des Moines Register | July 13, 2013

Dr. James Andrews: 100-plus is too much

Dr. James Andrews is the most renowned sports orthopedist in the world, performing procedures on major-leaguers such as Roger Clemens, John Smoltz, Tim Hudson and Albert Pujols.

“That (pitch counts climbing past 100) is too many,” Andrews told The Des Moines Register in a telephone interview Friday. “In high school, that’s just too many. If you get over 100 pitches with a senior in high school, you’re getting beyond a kid’s fatigue factor.

Read More

High School Pitching Limits

State Pitching Limits -

WebBall usually references pitching limits based on number of pitches thrown. We believe it has the potential to be a better system than simple counting innings. "Innings" could be one pitch or 30+ so it has little real bearing on a pitcher's use, overuse, or recovery. However, most state organizations and many other leagues continue to base their guidelines/rules on innings pitched.

Pitch Limits For High School Pitchers - InfoSports (pdf)